We got the main administrative things like revenue system and police system developed by the British along with independence but development. No exact mechanism was found for the administration. Under these circumstances, a collective development plan was formed by the central government. And Through this scheme, the activities of collective development were started but the cooperation of the people was not available in the scheme. Due to this the success rate was very low. Under these circumstances, the honorable self-sacrifice by the National Planning Board A committee was constituted under the chairmanship of Mehta. The main objective of this committee is to involve the people in the development process One had to think of a mechanism to maximize it, and recommend some plan for decentralizing democracy. Had to do. On December 3, Mr. Self. In the report submitted by Balavantaray Mehta, the three-level Panchayati Raj The method was recommended. The three-dimensional suggested by the late Balavantarai Mehta in the State of Gujarat The Panchayat Raj system has been implemented.
Villages have always been important in our social and economic activities. The village has been a unit since ancient times. Most of the country's population lives in rural areas. Mahatma Gandhi described the village as a unit of Gram Swaraj. Gram Swaraj means a republic completely independent of its neighbors but within the interiors for its own wide desires. The word panchayat can be divided into two parts.
Punch and import. The word punch is also used in Sanskrit and Gujarati language in the sense of the number five. The Punch holds faith in the mythical nature of God. From Vedic times, the village is considered as the basic unit. It is also mentioned in the Atharvaveda and the Rigveda. Prithu Raja is believed to have introduced a panchayat system during the folk settlement between the Ganges and the Jamna river. During the British session, vile attempts were made to establish panchayats. In its report to the Royal Commission on Decentralization, it has stated that in the past, these villages had suffered a great deal of autonomy. According to the views of the Gram Panchayats and leaders during the national movement, local self-government institutions up to the top level are welcomed by the local Swaraj Yojana and the government will take immediate steps to support it with adequate financial support. The beginning of Panchayati Raj in the state of Gujarat started with the implementation of recommendations of democratic decentralization of the Balwantaray Mehta Study Group ie Panchayati Raj. Subsequently, after the implementation of various committees and its recommendations from time to time, the system of panchayati rule in Gujarat has been further strengthened. After the amendment of Indian Constitution 1, Panchayat Act-2 has been implemented in Gujarat. The system of three-level panchayati raj system has been continued in the state of Gujarat.