Thursday, February 11, 2021

પાંચમા તબક્કા અંતર્ગત માધ્યમિક અને ઉચ્ચતર માધ્યમિક Qualified Waiting List | 2016 નો પાંચમો (5th) રાઉન્ડ

 General introduction of Hindi language: - Hindi is the most spoken language in the world

after Chinese language. About 500 million people in India and abroad speak Hindi and the total number of people who understand this language is about 90 crore. Hindi language has its origins in ancient Sanskrit language. This language has acquired its present form after many centuries and a large number of dialectal variations still exist. The Hindi script is Devanagari, which is combined for many other Indian languages. Most of the words in Hindi are from Sanskrit. Its grammar also has similarity with Sanskrit language. "Hindi" is the national (national) language of India. .

Hindi as the official language: In the Devanagari script in the Constitution of India, Hindi has been declared as the official language of the Union. Hindi is counted in the twenty-five languages ​​included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution of India. The Indian Constitution provides that the language of correspondence of the Central Government will be Hindi and English. It was envisaged that by 1965 Hindi would become the language of the functioning of the Central Government as per the directives mentioned in Articles 344 and Article 351, with the State Governments being free to operate in the language of their choice. But by passing the Official Language Act (1963) it was arranged that the use of English for all official purposes should be continued indefinitely, so English is still used in government documents, courts etc. However, the constitutional directive regarding the extension of Hindi was retained.

At the state level, Hindi is the official language of the following states of India: Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana and Delhi. Each of these states can also have its own official language. For example, in Uttar Pradesh, this language is Urdu. Similarly, Hindi has also been given the status of co-official language in many states.

Hindi-language as a global language: It is pertinent to mention that foreigners have also increased interest in understanding the rich culture of India. This is the reason why many countries have established educational centers to promote Indian languages.

Apart from offering various courses on Indian religion, history and culture, these centers also offer courses in many Indian languages ​​like Hindi, Urdu and Sanskrit. In this scenario of globalization and privatization, in view of India's growing trade relations with other countries, the need for inter-education of the languages ​​of the respective trading partner countries is beginning to be felt.

This development has contributed to making Hindi a popular and easily learnable Indian language in other countries. Some schools in the US have decided to introduce Hindi as a foreign language, along with French, Spanish and German. Hindi has acquired a global recognition for itself in the field of language-related work.

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